Geographic Information System-based integrated road crash data system
Abstract Category: I.T.
Course / Degree: MSc in Computer-Based Information Systems
Institution / University: University of Sunderland, Malta
Published in: 2006
Geographic Information System-based integrated road crash data system can be used for mitigating road safety problems. The crash data system in Kenya has mainly been paper-based with no location referencing. The paper-based crash data system, in itself has presented a number of problems, leading to inaccurate, incomplete and inconsistent decisions being arrived at. The result has been the continued increase in the number of road crashes reported annually, making Kenya rank among the countries reporting high road crashes around the world.
Having realised the importance of accurate road crash data collection and analysis, the road safety unit under the ministry of roads and public works embarked on the development of Transportation Information and Management System (TIMS) comprising several components of which the Geographic Information System-based integrated road crash data system is one. This project has been undertaken to accomplish this part.
The research undertaken in this project centred on two areas. The review of the database systems was done, which forms the basic platform for managing all road crash attribute data. The data modelling concepts such as the types of data models, the use of the entity relationship diagrams and database models have been reviewed. The Database Management System (DBMS) is a powerful tool for creating and managing large amounts of data efficiently and allowing it to persist over long periods of time, safely.
Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have proven to be powerful analysis tools and found their way in almost all fields today. This is for the simple reason that every activity has a geographic component and at one time or another one has to refer to a location on the earth’s surface. The capabilities of GIS lie in its functionalities, which include data capture, data storage, data management, analysis and display. Most importantly, GIS can be integrated with other information systems.
The review of the literature enabled the two systems, the DBMS and ArcView GIS to be used together for the development of the GIS-based integrated road crash data system. The Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), based on MS access 2000 was used for the management of the attribute data, while the ArcView GIS was used for the management of the spatial data with additional attribute data analysis. A prototype system was implemented at the ministry of roads and public works on one PC based on the results of the research. It is my hope that the system will be soon distributed to all other concerned parties for mitigating the road safety problems.
The project was systematically and carefully managed so that it was completed within time. The evaluation of the project success against its aims and objectives has been carried out and finally a conclusion and recommendations made.
Thesis Keywords/Search Tags:
Information System, Database, Crash Data
This Thesis Abstract may be cited as follows:
Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the regulations governing the award of the degree of M.Sc. in Computer-Based Information Systems, University of Sunderland, 2006
Submission Details: Thesis Abstract submitted by Zacharia Lukorito Chepkania from United Kingdom on 06-Feb-2007 15:20.
Abstract has been viewed 1991 times (since 7 Mar 2010).
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