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Geology And Petrochemistry Of Granitic Pegmatites In Jema'a Pegmatite Field, Kaduna State, Nigeria  


Abstract Category: Science
Course / Degree: PhD Economic Geology-Mineral Exploration
Institution / University: ATB University Bauchi Nigeria, Nigeria
Published in: 2012


Thesis Abstract / Summary:
The research work “Geology and Petrochemistry of Granitic Pegmatites in Jema’a Field” is a systematic study of the pegmatites in relation to the adjoining granitoids (biotite muscovite granite, albite granite and granite aplite) with a view to understanding their geological and geodynamic evolution and subsequent economic potential through the behavior of rare elements. The field work was conducted on a scale of 1:50, 000. 33 rocks and mineral separates extracted from pegmatites (feldspars, micas and tourmaline) were analyzed. The samples were subdivided into two parts; one part was analyzed using X-Ray Fluorescence and Atomic Absorption Spectrometer to generate data on major and minor elements, while Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis was used to generate data on trace elements. The other part of the samples was made into thin section for petrographic studies. Petrochemical and petrographic interpretations concur on the changes in colour of micas from brown biotite in granitoids to blue muscovite, to purplish green mica to purple mica in the pegmatites corresponding to increase in rare elements (Rb, Cs, Na, Ta, Nb, Ga) and volatiles (P, H2O, F) from the granitoids into the pegmatites. This constitute a fractionation trend, the farthest pegmatite dyke from granite aplite is the most fractionated because it contains the highest quantity of rare elements (especially Ta). This is also strongly supported by fairly consistent increase in Aluminum Saturation Index (A/CNK), normative corundum, normative albite, Lost on Ignition (LOI), differentiation Index (DI) and corresponding decrease in Ba, Zr and Ti. The pegmatites contains more fluxes and liquidus depressing elements (P, H2O, F) especially phosphorus. The granitoids (biotite muscovite granite, albite granite and granite aplite) are therefore fertile, peraluminous, siliceous and S-type and are parental to the pegmatites. The feldspars display perthitic textures which show incomplete solid solution and lowering of liquidus. The tectonic discrimination of the granitoids (biotite muscovite granite, albite granite and granite aplite) and the pegmatites show that they were formed within syncollisional, peraluminous, and active continental margin. The research found the fractionation as a metallogenetic process. The genetic model presents the granitoids ; biotite muscovite granite, albite granite and granite aplite as products of internal chemical differentiation of a fractionating batholiths where NaO replaces K2O  as the system is cooling. This is common to most granite-rare-elements-pegmatites systems all over the world.  Fractionation via rare elements accumulations is therefore an exploration tool.


Thesis Keywords/Search Tags:
Economic-Mineral-Exploration

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Submission Details: Thesis Abstract submitted by Ahmed Isah Haruna from Nigeria on 03-Sep-2012 18:04.
Abstract has been viewed 4181 times (since 7 Mar 2010).

Ahmed Isah Haruna Contact Details: Email: ahlulbaitali@yahoo.com Phone: 08034536118



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