Fire Studio : Real-time 3D Simulation for Fire Safety Engineering  

Abstract Category: I.T.
Course / Degree: B.Sc. I.T. (Hons)
Institution / University: University of Malta, Malta
Published in: 2004

Thesis Abstract / Summary:

With the introduction of the new Occupational Health and Safety Authority Act, which came into effect in 2003, the need for assessing a building’s reaction to internal fire outbreaks now not only takes on a moral obligation, but also a legal one. This dissertation document describes a software package developed by the present author, the aim of which is to help an individual observe how a fire would evolve indoors. This ultimately models how inter-connected rooms and their contents would behave under such hazardous conditions, and how changes to structure or layout can minimize property damage or even casualties. Although the package is simple and may not be appropriate for commercial or scientific use, it serves as an ideal platform or prototype upon which a future system may be constructed. With its incredibly comfortable interface, drag-and-drop 3D objects, and 5-button mouse support, the system is the ideal tool for rapid fire safety analysis.

Using an efficient building editor, the user constructs an indoor scene complete with common structural items such as doors, windows, tables, and stairs. Once the environment has been defined, the user can pinpoint the starting location of the fire, and its evolution is observed in real-time as it spreads throughout the room. Objects combust in a chain reaction, smoke and toxic fumes disperse, and typical phenomena such as flashover are observed. Using the full potential of interactive graphics and modern acceleration hardware, the user navigates in 360° fashion, observing and selecting objects to retrieve information about them. As the simulation progresses, fire consumes more of the room’s contents and the user can view valuable statistics for each object or enclosure.

The entire project complies with the well-renowned British Standards Institute codes on fire safety engineering (PD7974:2003), which are not only recent (2003) but also very comprehensive. Intended for Architects and Structural Engineers and for use on the Microsoft Windows XP platform, the software employs the .NET architecture and managed DirectX 9 to maximize usability, robustness, rapid productivity, customizability, maintainability, extensibility, and all with the lowest of learning curves.

Thesis Keywords/Search Tags:
-time, simulation, software, package, fire safety engineering, architect, civil engineering, structural engineering, structures, protection, FSE, physics, 3D, graphics, DirectX

This Thesis Abstract may be cited as follows:
Borg Cardona, Michael Real-time 3D simulation for Fire Safety Engineering, University of Malta FYP dissertation document (2004)

Thesis Images:
I.T. - Fire Studio : Real-time 3D Simulation for Fire Safety Engineering The Design Studio is used to rapidly design the geometry and materials of a virtual building using drag-and-drop 3D objects
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I.T. - Fire Studio : Real-time 3D Simulation for Fire Safety Engineering Flame height variance due to proximity of walls and room corners
(click to enlarge)


Submission Details: Thesis Abstract submitted by Michael Borg Cardona from Malta on 22-Jun-2004 18:52.
Abstract has been viewed 3712 times (since 7 Mar 2010).

Michael Borg Cardona Contact Details: Email: mborgcardona@hotmail.com

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