Determinants Of K-12 Physical Education For Children And Adolescent Health  

Abstract Category: Education
Course / Degree: Health and Physical Education
Institution / University: Central State University, United States
Published in: 2012

Paper Abstract / Summary:

There is growing interest in the factors that determine the level of physical education of children and adolescents. The physical activity and exercise behaviors of children and adolescents have been of keen interest to researchers, exercise physiologists/scientists, physical educators, physicians and health educators. Knowledge of the processes of health lies at the core of physical education, whether it is in the classroom and the gymnasium by participating in exercise and physical activity. Physical educators, exercise physiologists and scientists, health education professionals and physicians have generated data that suggest children and adolescents benefit from exercise and physical education.

Physical education has been wedged into the primary and secondary school curriculum. However, children and adolescents have continued to experience a reduction in physical education participation. According to findings by Sallis, Prochaska, and Taylor (2000), Goran, Gomer, Nagy, et al. (1998), and Kelder, Perry, Klepp, et al. (1994), children and adolescents not participating in a structured or supervised physical activity and exercise program fall dramatically in terms of physical activity participation as an adult. Children and adolescents have health problems that arise from many combinations of factors. When children begin to experience health issues (e.g., obesity, high blood pressure, irregular cholesterol readings), parents develop a sense of urgency to address those concerns. To that end, studies have been conducted to investigate the ongoing health issues associated with children and adolescents as it pertains to lack of physical activity.

In fact, many studies have focused on the extent to which physical activity diminishes the risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, premature mortality, and various types of cancer (Mitchell & Olds, 1999). U.S. children and adolescents are not meeting physical activityrecommendations (Jago, et al., 2005; Pate, et al., 2002). Physicalactivity has been well documented as a health enhancing behavior for children and adolescents (Jago, Baranowski, T., Baranowski, J., Cullen, & Thompson, 2007). No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation and state laws have known effects on participation (Auxter, Pyfer, & Huettig, 2008; Auxter, Pyfer, & Huettig, 2005). This proposal focuses on the extent to which daily K-12 physical education are influenced by legislation of congress, state law officials, and educational administrators that place more emphasis on science, reading, mathematics, and writing.

Paper Keywords/Search Tags:
Exercise, Physical Education, Children, Public Schools

This Paper Abstract may be cited as follows:
Searcy, J. (2012). Determinants of K-12 physical education for children and adolescent health.

Submission Details: Paper Abstract submitted by Joshua Searcy, Ed.D. from United States on 17-May-2012 01:52.
Abstract has been viewed 4228 times (since 7 Mar 2010).

Joshua Searcy, Ed.D. Contact Details: Email: joshuaseducation@yahoo.com

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