Home
Science
I.T.
Arts
Laws

Computational Approach To Investigation Of Crack Behaviour Under Vehicular Loading Of A Typical Concrete Pavement ( Case Study Of Mbagathi Road In Nairobi County, Kenya)  


Abstract Category: Engineering
Course / Degree: Structural Engineering
Institution / University: Nairobi University , Kenya
Published in: 2015


Thesis Abstract / Summary:

Nairobi County has nearly 100% road network as bituminous roads and only 4km road network (Mbagathi Road) is concrete road. This road was a pilot project that was implemented by Kenyan Government between the years 2005 and 2007 at a total construction cost of over 400 million Kenya Shillings. The design was done based on South Africa design procedure on a 210 mm thick PJCP pavement. Performance of Plain Jointed Concrete Pavement (PJCP) depends on aggregate interlock, which is the mechanism by which loads are transferred from one slab to the adjacent one. This study attempted to use the information on load transfer mechanics in order to quantify the effect of aggregate properties to crack size as well as the propagation of any cracks formed in service. 

This research was undertaken in two different ways namely experimental and computer simulation. The experimental approach entailed measuring widths and depths of cracks existing in Mbagathi road, and also involved setting up concrete beams in the laboratory and loading them to failure with predetermined loads and measuring sizes of resulting cracks. On the other hand, the computational approach was verified by experimental results entailed simulating crack widths and depths with recent devised fracture models.

Cracks were experimentally noticed to occur due to loading the pavement with vehicular loads bigger than safe load. Cracks generated had crack width equivalent to the measured flexural deflection and for an ideal concrete pavement crack width and crack depth exhibited an exponential relationship. 

It was found that vehicular loads induce stresses in concrete pavements which exceed permissible tensile stresses, hence a better understanding of the resultant cracks, as well as their propagation. This research will lead to an improvement of the design of concrete pavements in Kenyan environment. 


Thesis Keywords/Search Tags:
Pavement, cracks, tensile stresses, interlock, concrete, aggregate

This Thesis Abstract may be cited as follows:
Nairobi University  REG NO: F56/79945/2012 Library research reports

Thesis Images:
Engineering - Computational Approach To Investigation Of Crack Behaviour Under Vehicular Loading Of A Typical Concrete Pavement ( Case Study Of Mbagathi Road In Nairobi County, Kenya)
(click to enlarge)

 

Submission Details: Thesis Abstract submitted by Joseph Mwaura from Kenya on 10-Nov-2015 17:35.
Abstract has been viewed 1194 times (since 7 Mar 2010).

Joseph Mwaura Contact Details: Email: josephmwaura@yahoo.com Phone: +254711372105



Disclaimer
Great care has been taken to ensure that this information is correct, however ThesisAbstracts.com cannot accept responsibility for the contents of this Thesis abstract titled "Computational Approach To Investigation Of Crack Behaviour Under Vehicular Loading Of A Typical Concrete Pavement ( Case Study Of Mbagathi Road In Nairobi County, Kenya)". This abstract has been submitted by Joseph Mwaura on 10-Nov-2015 17:35. You may report a problem using the contact form.
© Copyright 2003 - 2019 of ThesisAbstracts.com and respective owners.


Copyright © Thesis Abstract | Dissertation Abstracts Thesis Library 2003-2019.
by scope.com.mt @ website design